Google, Intel, and Students Make Sense of the Universe with AI – This Week in Artificial Intelligence 10-31-15
Daniel Faggella is the founder and CEO at Emerj. Called upon by the United Nations, World Bank, INTERPOL, and many global enterprises, Daniel is a sought-after expert on the competitive strategy implications of AI for business and government leaders.
1 – Google Reveals Its New “RankBrain” Artificial Intelligence System
Google went public this week with the announcement of its new AI system, Rankbrain, which it uses for its challenging search queries. The system helps interpret about 15% of phrases that are unfamiliar to the search engine. Google remarked that this program is responsible for a “very large fraction” of the queries that it receives daily through its search engine. RankBrain embeds large quantities of written language into vectors (mathematical tools), which the computer can then understand. When the AI spots an unknown word, it can infer about words that could have a meaning and then sort results based on this information.
2 – Intel Is Building Artificial Smarts Right Into Its Chips
Intel has spent much of the last half decade acquiring companies to help improve its chip technology. On Monday, Intel announced its most recent purchase of Saffron Technology, which extracts information from big data using algorithms based on the the brain’s inner workings. This AI is not deep learning, but a technique called associative memory. Its roots are in the software industry, and it got its start in 1999 selling software to the Department of Defense, including a system for predicting roadside bombs in Iraq. Intel intends to use Saffron’s cognitive computing technology in its consumer devices to help sense, and make sense of, complex information in real-time.
3 – Automation, Innovation to Reshape Infosys: Sikka
Infosys, a global company in consulting, technology, and outsourcing next-generation services, announced that it has in the past year successfully used automation to mechanize its work processes. CEO and Managing Director Vishal Sikka made the announcement during the keynote speech he delivered at the Oracle OpenWorld in San Francisco. Sikka noted that this automation has enabled the company to remove and save 1,200 people from long-term projects. He said that AI has the unique capability for increasing profitability and revenue and augmenting human capability at the same time.
4 – Ronnie Screwvala’s Unilazer Seedfunds AI Startup Niki.ai
India-based Unilazer Ventures made an undisclosed investment in start-up AI company Niki.ai. Owned by Techbins Solutions Pvt Ltd, Niki.ai is creating a bot called Niki that lets users order almost anything through a chat interface. The company cites that the product is successful in reserving Uber cabs and has a unique in-chat payment option via the Paytm wallet. Niki.ai’s focus is on commerce and on using AI to help cull the slew of content that consumers receive on their devices regularly, and steer consumers toward more personalized decisions.
Australian National University PhD student Elise Hampton developed an AI program to help identify “messy” galaxies. Hampton built her program based on the idea of neural networks, which work as a connected set of individual processors. Elise described the technology:
“The program took eight minutes to analyse 300,000 data points from 1,188 galaxies. For one person to do it would have taken years.”
Artificial Neural Networks are also similar to neurons in that they are adaptive and capable of learning. Hampton’s program was the first approach to be successful in automating the analysis of the galaxy spectra data measured by robotic telescopes.
1 - Google’s Visual AI “Inception” The in middle of last month, Google published an article on the Google Research blog called “Inceptionism: Going Deeper in Neural Networks.” Frankly, the title didn’t seem all that appealing, and it’s unlikely that it would have jumped out as anything other than science-jargon, even to people signed up for RSS of Google’s blog.
1 - Google’s AI Beats a Professional Go Player, an Industry First
An article published this week in the journal Nature elaborates upon Google's big AI win against a top-ranked human player in the ancient game of Go. AI system AlphaGo beat French champion Fan Hui in a five-game match at Google DeepMind's London office in October. An encore match is scheduled to take place in March between AlphaGo and the world's top human Go competitor, Lee Sedol, in Seoul, South Korea. Though Go is said to be a simpler game than Chess, there are many more possible moves that can be made in any play, which poses a significant challenge for human and machine alike. The win is a breakthrough in Google's continued investment in deep learning, a branch of artificial intelligence that involves artificial neural networks in analyzing data.
1 - Artificial Intelligence a Job Killer? Not here
New York City-based X.AI is relatively new on the artificial intelligence scene and has created 60 more AI-based jobs on the east coast. The company, which raised $11.3 million in ventral capital over the past two years, is engineering virtual personal assistants to schedule events for their user. Co-Founder and CEO Dennis Mortensen commented on the growing AI-sector on the east coast, particularly in NYC, stating that top-tier universities like MIT, Columbia, and others, from north to south, provide a burgeoning talent pool from which to find top data scientists. While the company is creating jobs, its product - Amy and Andrew - might disrupt thousands of jobs once brought to market. The company plans to launch out of beta by end of year 2016.
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